Publicado: Sáb, Julio 13, 2019
Ciencia | Por Aurelio Ontiveros

India counts down to lunar mission

India counts down to lunar mission

Besides being one of the toughest challenges which the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) has taken, it is also one of the most rewarding.

India launched its first Moon mission Chandrayaan-I in October 2008 using its light rocket Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV).

It is the first Indian mission to explore the moon's terrain with indigenous technology. China recently navigated its spacecraft in the same region.

The two strap-on motors of GSLV Mk III are located on either side of its core liquid booster. The big rocket is also named Bahubali because the local Tamil media has given it that name.

GSLV Mk-III is expected to be the vehicle that will eventually carry Indian astronauts and ISRO scientists have given it names ranging from "Baahubali" to "obedient boy" to "giant".

A parking orbit is a temporary orbit used during the launch of a satellite or other space probe.

Chandrayaan-2 will inspire the whole nation and motivate the youth to undertake real-life applications of science and technology - to be second to none in solving the problems of man and society, says K Sivan, chairman, Isro.

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Moon Chariot 2 consists of an orbiter, a lander (Vikram) and a rover (Pragyan). After this, the sequence of events will include a series of tests, including checks on the health of the Orbiter and Vikram, the launch vehicle (GSLV-MkIII) systems, et al.

"Preparations are going at a hectic pace at the Satish Dhawan Space Centre in Sriharikota for the July 15 early morning launch at 2.51 a.m".

In less than 62 hours, India's "Baahubali" launcher, as the GSLV Mk-III has been popularly dubbed, will put Chandrayaan-2, India's second mission to the moon, into its designated orbit. It won't feature humans, but Chandrayaan-2 is carrying three lunar exploration robots able to survey the moon from both the surface and the sky. Once the Indian Spacecraft reaches near our moon, it will remain in orbit for 4 days.

The mission is being called the 'most complex' as this is the first time any country is attempting a soft landing near the south pole of the Moon. A soft landing is the process of slow landing a spacecraft to ensure no damage occurs during the process. Both the Mars and moon missions combined amount to less than the $408 million India spent building a giant statue of a freedom-era leader past year. It will also carry its own scientific equipment to conduct experiments for a period of 14 days.

The Pragyan rover, powered by the sun and AI, will cross the lunar surface at the blistering pace of 1 centimeter per second carrying instruments that can assess the molecules present on the moon.

China landed its Chang'e 4 lunar craft in January, and spent $8.4 billion on its entire space programme in 2017, according to global Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development figures.

India is getting ready to launch its first-ever lunar lander on Sunday 14 July.

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