Publicado: Sáb, Agosto 25, 2018
Salud | Por Gertrudes Rodriquez

There's No 'Safe' Level of Alcohol Consumption, Global Study Finds


The new study aims to correct these limitations by combining alcohol sales data with the prevalence of alcohol drinking and abstinence, self-reported data on the amount of alcohol consumed, tourism data to estimate the number of alcohol-drinking visitors to an area, and estimates of illicit trade and home brewing. It's the leading risk factor for disease and premature death in men and women between the ages of 15 and 49 worldwide in 2016, and is associated with almost one in 10 deaths, according to the study, published in the journal The Lancet. "Alcohol use contributes to health loss from many causes and exacts its toll across the lifespan, particularly among men".

Researchers calculated that alcohol revenue would decline by two-fifths, or £13bn (€14.4bn), if all drinkers were to comply with the recommended consumption limits.

Lead researcher Dr Max Griswold, from the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation at the University of Washington, said: "Previous studies have found a protective effect of alcohol on some conditions, but we found that the combined health risks associated with alcohol increase with any amount of alcohol".

The study included data on individual and population alcohol consumption from nearly 700 sources, in addition to nearly 600 studies on the risk of alcohol use.

For purposes of the study, a standard alcoholic drink was defined as 10 grams or approximately 12 milliliters of alcohol.

"We now understand that alcohol is one of the major causes of death in the world today", Richard Horton, editor of The Lancet, said in the statement. Women aged 45 to 64 are the most likely of any age group to drink, separate figures show. According to their findings, alcohol has led to 2.8 million deaths in 2016.

However, in terms of total numbers, Gakidou said, "most deaths from alcohol come from cardiovascular disease and cancers when you look at average consumption by age and sex within countries". The study also finds what lots of prior research has shown: The more people drink, the higher their risk of alcohol-related health problems. Men in Romania and women in Ukraine drink the most (8.2 and 4.2 drinks a day, respectively), whereas men in Pakistan and women in Iran drink the least (0.0007 and 0.0003 drinks a day, respectively).

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One third of the world, that is 2.4 billion people, drinks alcohol.

Specifically, for people who consume one drink a day, the risk of develop one of 23 alcohol-related health problems increases by 0.5 percent over one year, compared with someone who doesn't drink.

If consumers have questions regarding alcohol and health, they should discuss the potential risks and benefits of consuming alcohol with their physician, the Distilled Spirits Council stated.

There is no safe level of alcohol, a new study concludes - upending previous guidance that low levels of consumption can be safe, and even beneficial to health.

Any and all alcohol consumption is bad for your health, according to a new global report from health experts, who are attempting to settle the drinking debate once and for all.

"I think this is actually consistent with every organization's recommendation that, overall, no one should start drinking to prevent heart disease or diabetes", Mozaffarian says.

Majority relied on self-reported information, which means people have to remember their drinking habits accurately, which means the data might be flawed or inaccurate, according to CBS.

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