Publicado: Sáb, Julio 21, 2018
Financiera | Por Marilu Caballero

Russian Federation ‘helpful’ in enforcing sanctions on North Korea - Pompeo

If the path to get there is "not easy", it is "pretty straightforward", Pompeo said.

After President Donald Trump held an unprecedented summit with North Korean leader Kim Jong Un in Singapore, China proposed that the council signal a possible easing of sanctions to welcome the diplomatic thaw.

Pompeo made the remarks after he and U.S. Ambassador to the U.N. Nikki Haley met with the U.N. Secretary General as well as with Japan, South Korea and the entire U.N. Security Council on Friday to address a crescendo of domestic and global concerns - and confusion - about U.S. foreign policy and the recent summit between Mr. Trump and Russian President Vladimir Putin. The meetings focused on what the summit means for North Korea and its nuclear weapons.

He then warned that "when sanctions are not enforced, the prospects of successful denuclearization of North Korea are diminished".

Since the June summit in Singapore between Mr. Trump and North Korean leader Kim Jong Un, North Korea has not tested its nuclear weapons or launched missiles.

Speaking on Friday alongside Pompeo, Haley called the passing of three massive sanctions resolutions against North Korea previous year a "Herculean task" that brought North Korea to the table.

A United Nations sanctions resolution adopted last year set ceilings for North Korea of four million barrels of crude oil per year and 500,000 barrels of refined oil products. "We and the Security Council and the global community have to support those talks, and the best way to support those talks is to not loosen the sanctions".

But North Korea has taken no demonstrable steps towards denuclearization, and now, according to Pompeo and Haley, it is violating those sanctions with Chinese and Russian help by illegally smuggling petroleum products into the country at levels higher than allowed by United Nations sanctions.

US documents sent to the sanctions committee and obtained by The Associated Press cite 89 instances between January 1 and May 30 in which North Korean tankers likely delivered refined products "illicitly procured" via ship-to-ship transfers. The U.S. report cited China and Russian Federation for continuing to sell refined petroleum products to North Korea.

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"These sales and any other transfer must immediately stop since the United States believes the DPRK has breached the. refined petroleum products quota for 2018, " the United States said.

On Thursday, Russia and China foiled US efforts to act on the report. They informed Dutch Ambassador to the U.N. Karel van Oosterom - who chairs the U.N. committee on North Korea sanctions - that they were requesting information on each of the 89 transfers, essentially delaying the "halt" on the illicit transfers that the US wants.

Committee rules allow up to a six-month delay, with the possibility of three additional months, van Oosterom told CBS News.

"We don't need any more information", Haley said Friday.

A committee member told CBS News that North Korean ships turn off their satellite tracking devices as they enter ports, making the evidence less than precise and enabling the subterfuge.

The United States, however, blocked that statement, which would have expressed the council's "willingness to adjust the measures" targeting North Korea, diplomats said.

Secretary of State Mike Pompeo, who has traveled to North Korea for discussions several times this year, reiterated on Friday that "strict enforcement of sanctions" should remain until the country denuclearizes.

"I don't think we should go forward with the assumption that all this is going to work", Coats said.

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