Publicado: Vie, Abril 06, 2018
Salud | Por Gertrudes Rodriquez

'Nightmare bacteria' cases seen in 27 states, CDC reports

'Nightmare bacteria' cases seen in 27 states, CDC reports

A year ago the US Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) had detected over 220 cases of a "nightmare bacteria" that exhibits a high resistance to antibiotics, which makes it "virtually untreatable", USA Today reports. This had led to the mutation of drug-resistant microbes that render doctors and clinicians with limited options to treat diseases.

Even more, 25% of the samples taken by the CDC researchers during their study presented bacteria with modified genes which are making the treatment even more hard. Dr. Anne Schuchat, the CDC's principal deputy director, said she was surprised by the extent of the spread. About 2 million Americans are sickened by antibiotic-resistant bacteria each year and 23,000 die, according to the CDC. The genes present in antimicrobial-resistance bacteria do not only cause or spread infections. Families incur billions of dollars spent on medicines and hospitalizations.

That's more than they had expected to find, and the true number is probably higher because the effort involved only certain labs in each state, officials say.

Testing patients without symptoms who may carry and spread the germ.

The Office of Technology Assessment calculated that the cost of antibiotic resistance amounts to $4 billion annually based on the 1995 dollar pricing.

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Today, the CDC promotes an aggressive "containment strategy" that includes rapid detection tests and screening for reducing the spread of antibiotic resistance. The ARLN reported that of the 5,776 microbes tested in labs, 221 contained "especially rare" resistance genes. A new report by the agency also mentions that, in 2017, new nationwide testing for genes that confer this resistance found hundreds of examples of it in what they term "nightmare bacteria".

The containment protocol also included the identification of colonies. In 1 in 10 cases, people infected with these germs spread the disease to apparently healthy people in the hospital - such as patients, doctors or nurses - who in turn can act as silent carriers of illness, infecting others even if they don't become sick.

Use of infection control measures, such as hospital gloves and gowns and special cleaning in the rooms of infected patients.

Dr. Jay Butler, chief medical officer and director of Alaska Division of Public Health, said early intervention is paramount. CDC hopes to reduce the "nightmare bacteria" infections by 76%. He added that state and local officials are sharing resources to stop the spread of this threat.

A new breed of "nightmare" bacteria resists pretty much all of our antibiotics - and it's rapidly spreading across the US. Health officials "keep at it", he said, until the spread of a potentially deadly infection is controlled.

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